Temple of Poseidon Facts

Overview Of Temple of Poseidon

The Temple of Poseidon, located on Cape Sounion in Greece, is a magnificent ancient temple dedicated to the god of the sea, Poseidon. The temple was built in the 5th century BCE and is considered one of the most iconic and well-preserved examples of ancient Greek architecture.

The temple's location atop a cliff overlooking the Aegean Sea offers breathtaking views and a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur. Visitors can admire the temple's columns, intricate carvings, and sculptures, all of which reflect the high level of craftsmanship and artistry of the ancient Greeks.

The Temple of Poseidon also played a significant role in ancient Greek mythology and history. According to legend, it was from this spot that King Aegeus threw himself into the sea upon mistakenly believing his son Theseus had perished during his battle against the Minotaur.

Today, the temple remains a popular destination for visitors from all over the world, attracting those interested in history, mythology, and architecture. It is a testament to the enduring legacy of ancient Greek culture and a must-see for anyone interested in exploring the wonders of the ancient world.

Essential Information Of Temple Of Poseidon

  • Location: Cape Sounion, a promontory located about 69 km southeast of Athens, Greece

  • Period Of Origin: During the 5th century BC.

  • Temple Architecture Type: Doric style of architecture

  • Elevation: 200 feet

  • No Of Columns: 38 columns, but only 16 remaining

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Facts about Temple of Poseidon

  • The Temple of Poseidon, constructed between 444 and 440 BC, is an almost 2500-year-old ancient Greek temple.
  • The architect who built the temple is believed to be the same one responsible for the construction of the Temple of Hephaestus and the Parthenon, demonstrating their exceptional architectural skills.
  • The temple's construction sits atop a poros temple that was destroyed by the Persians in 490 BC while still under construction.
  • Originally, the temple featured 38 Doric columns, but today, only 16 remain standing, four of which were re-erected during the 20th century.
  • The Temple of Poseidon has also gained notoriety among prominent historical figures. The British poet Lord Byron was so captivated by the temple's beauty and significance that he famously graffitied his name on one of its pillars in the 19th century.

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Who Built The Temple of Poseidon?

The Temple of Poseidon has a rich and tumultuous history. Its first version was built during the archaic period, but unfortunately, it was destroyed in 480 BC by the Persians during the Greco-Persian Wars. Rebuilt around 440 BC by Pericles, the temple stands today as a tribute to the enduring legacy of ancient Greek architecture. Although only 16 of the original 38 columns remain, they continue to impress visitors with their imposing size and grandeur.

Additionally, the temple once housed a massive Bronze statue of Poseidon, which was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Unfortunately, only a part of the statue has survived, and it can be seen today at the Archaeological Museum of Athens. Despite these setbacks, the Temple of Poseidon remains a magnificent testament to ancient Greek civilization and its cultural and historical significance.

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Why The Temple of Poseidon So Famous?

The Temple of Poseidon, dedicated to the Olympian God of Sea, Poseidon, stands as a marvel of ancient Greek architecture. Erected during the Golden Age of Pericles, it is one of the three temples that form the Sacred Triangle of antiquity, along with the Parthenon and the temple of Aphaia on Aegina Island. In 1884, the site was first excavated by Wilhelm Doprfeld, who was the director of the German Archaeological Institute. Since then, numerous excavations have taken place, uncovering further insights into the temple's rich history.

Located atop a cliff, the Temple of Poseidon offers breathtaking views of the Aegean Sea, making it an unforgettable experience for visitors. Particularly, watching the sun set over the Aegean Sea from the temple is a truly awe-inspiring sight that many visitors relish. All in all, the Temple of Poseidon stands as a symbol of the cultural and historical significance of ancient Greece, continuing to inspire awe and wonder in visitors from around the world.

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What To See At Temple of Poseidon?

  • The Temple of Poseidon, constructed by the renowned architect Iktinos during the Golden Age of Pericles, stands as a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of ancient Greek architecture. Built between 444 and 440 BC, it remains a cherished landmark to this day.

  • Situated atop a rocky cliff that towers nearly 200 meters above sea level, the temple affords breathtaking views of the Aegean Sea, particularly during the magical hours of sunset.

  • It is an enchanting sight that lingers long in the memory of visitors, providing a glimpse into the majesty of ancient Greece.

  • As the first Athenian landmark visible from the Aegean Sea, the temple held a special place in the hearts and minds of ancient Greeks. It was regarded as holy grounds by the likes of Herodotus and Homer, and continues to offer a unique insight into Athenian culture, mythology, and traditions.

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Faqs for Temple of Poseidon

When was the Temple of Poseidon built?

The Temple of Poseidon was built in the middle of the 5th century BC, around 440 BC.

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What is the Temple of Poseidon?

The Temple of Poseidon is an ancient Greek temple dedicated to the sea god Poseidon, located on the southern tip of the Attic peninsula in Greece.

What is the architectural style of the Temple of Poseidon?

The Temple of Poseidon is an example of the Doric order of classical Greek architecture, characterized by its simple, sturdy columns and lack of ornate decoration.

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What is the significance of the Temple of Poseidon?

The Temple of Poseidon was an important religious center in ancient Greece, where worshippers could make offerings to the powerful sea god Poseidon.

Is there an entrance fee to the Temple of Poseidon?

Yes, there is an entrance fee to visit the Temple of Poseidon.

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